South Africa: Facts, Culture, Government, History & More

Mostly, the entire of South Africa’s landscape is known as plateaus as it is covered by high and flat areas. Johannesburg is typically the most populous and famous city in South Africa. The government of South Africa, Sars in cape town has been a democratic republic. 

Facts About South Africa:

Did you know? The official name of South Africa is the Republic of South Africa.

  • The major capitals known in the country are: Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein.
  • There is not one but various kinds of different languages spoken such as Afrikaans English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga and more.
  • Major mountains include Drakensberg along with one major river naming Limpopo, 

If we broadly talk about the geography of South Africa, it is very well known to the fact that these lands here are covered with rolling grasslands, called highveld, and tree-dotted plains called bushveld.

Facing to the east, south, and west of the plateau lands is a mountainous region called the Great Escarpment. The eastern range, called the Drakensberg, or Dragon’s Mountain, is filled with jagged peaks is at very much height and altitude. 

Interestingly, South Africa also has another country within its borders. Nestled in the Drakensberg is the mountainous kingdom of Lesotho. 

Pretoria
Pretoria

Government: SARS

If we talk about governmental issues of South Africa, it is clearly stated that it is a parliamentary representative democratic republic, wherein the President of South Africa has been elected by the parliament and the head of government along with multi-party system. Sars is one such thing which has sars power of attorney and it has been a democratic republic since holding its first truly open election on April 27, 1994. The various natural resources, agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing have made South Africa the largest economy on the continent. Although the nation still abides with the problems of unemployment, poverty, and AIDS present huge challenges for the government. The laws are easily abide over the citizens of the country, if ever been committed to a crime a citizen can easily move and easyfile a case against the criminal. The actions taken are officially strict, and rules are well followed. 

Government SARS
Government SARS

History:

Considering the north side of South Africa, which consists of Johannesburg, there is a wide cave that is built, typically called Sterkfontein. About 24,000 years ago, tribes of hunter-gatherers known as the San, or Bushmen, began moving into South Africa, Out of which few must still be alive and  much as their ancestors did, around the Kalahari Desert in the northwest.

In the 1400s, European ships that headed towards the far East began stopping on the South African coast for supplies. Later in 1806, wars in Europe left the British in control of the Cape Town colony. Moving forward to the year of 1910, the British united four colonies in the region and created country- South Africa. They established laws which were truly separated whites from black South Africans, a practice of segregation called apartheid, which led to decades of conflict. Later in 1963, Nelson Mandela, head of the anti-apartheid African National Congress, was given a life sentence in jail for “terrorist” activities. In 1990, after 27 years behind bars, he was freed. Finally after all the mess that was created and wars that were fought, in 1994, Mandela was elected president of South Africa.

Culture And Nature Of South Africans!

There is variety of people which help making up South Africa, each with their own language and history. The country consists of11 official languages and many more unofficial ones. This colorful mix of cultures gives South Africa its nickname “rainbow nation.” Native citizens are said to be truly passionate about music and expressing their social and political ideas. South Africa tends to work for preserving its wildlife with dozens of protected land and marine areas, which includes the famous Kruger National Park in the north side. The government Sars in cape town is helping much with the formation and development of the country. Nevertheless, sars power of attorney

has affected many of South Africa’s animals are hurt by illegal hunting and loss of habitat, and dozens of species are in danger of extinction, including the black rhinoceros, the cheetah, and the African wild dog.


The Need & Importance Of Filing SARS: South Africa

SARS is the act which was established by the legislation which works to collect revenue ensuring compliance for taxes. The vision of South African government behind SARS was to enhance economic growth and social development of the society with an integration into global economical world which benefits all the citizens of South Africa.

If you earn income other than a salary or anything more to that, then you must register as a provisional taxpayer with form in order to sars efiling registration form. You are required to pay tax in advance in at least two amounts during the year of assessment, based on estimated taxable income. 

Taxation In South Africa:

When it comes to taxation in South Africa, it’s a bit tricky. The tax season 2017 involves  payments to a minimum of two different levels of government: one at the central government through SARS which was prior to 2001 known as “source-based”, wherein income is taxed in the country where it originates. During January 2001, the tax system was changed to “residence-based” wherein taxpayers residing in South Africa are taxed on their income irrespective of its source. Talking broadly about the central government, revenues here come primarily from value added taxes as the local government grants funds from central government at municipal rates. Tax season 2017 was the ultimate financial year wherein everything like GDP ratio changed from 25.8% to 25.9%. The three provinces of South Africa contributed 77.9% of the total tax revenue including Gauteng 49.8%, Western Cape 15.0%, and KwaZulu-Natal 13.1%.

Tax Loopholes And The Offences Under The Tax Act!

Considering the SARS efiling deadline 2018, there are a number of loopholes attached and identified by SARS over the years. Although they have been successfully closed now. These loopholes include:

  • Cross-border mismatches
  • The insurance payments and interest exemptions
  • Interest cost allocation for finance operations
  • Transferfor pricing
  • Certain classes of preference and guaranteed share
Tax Loopholes
Tax Loopholes

Offences that have been committed under the act are:

  • To submit a tax return or document to SARS
  • If someone fails to issue a document to a person as needed or required
  • If a person fails to register or amend a registration in the instance where registered details have changed
  • To keep records as needed by SARS
  • Knowingly submit a false tax certificate or statement
  • To refuse or neglect to take an oath or make a solemn declaration.

A person convicted of these offences may be liable for paying a fine or imprisonment that will not exceed for more than two years.

To Register As A TaxPayer:

For filling sars efiling registration form, one must register as a taxpayer with the South African Revenue Service (SARS) only if you earn more than a specific amount, which is determined every year. You must register within 60 days of first receiving an income. There are various things you must submit while the registration process which may include:

  • Identity proof
  • Address proof
  • Bank details

The form of IT77 has been discontinued for individuals and only visit of SARS is the place where you can register. Although a proper company is allowed and liable to use the form of IT77.

Once you have been registered for the above tax and given your tax number, you can register for eFiling on the official SARS website to file income tax returns online when tax season starts. Incase if you do not register for eFiling, SARS will send you a form that you must complete filling and send it back. 

To submit a tax return in order for SARS, you must calculate whether you have to pay additional tax or whether they must give you a refund.